### Semigroups with inverse skeletons and Zappa-Szep products

#### Abstract

regular elements, where an element a of a semigroup S is E-regular if a

has an inverse a such that aa; aa lie in E E(S). Where S possesses

`enough' (in a precisely dened way) E-regular elements, analogues of

Green's lemmas and even of Green's theorem hold, where Green's relations

R;L;H and D are replaced by eRE; eLE; eHE and eDE. Note that S itself

need not be regular. We also obtain results concerning the extension of

(one-sided) congruences, which we apply to (one-sided) congruences on

maximal subgroups of regular semigroups.

If S has an inverse subsemigroup U of E-regular elements, such that

E U and U intersects every eHE-class exactly once, then we say that U

is an inverse skeleton of S. We give some natural examples of semigroups

possessing inverse skeletons and examine a situation where we can build an

inverse skeleton in a eDE-simple monoid. Using these techniques, we showthat a reasonably wide class of eDE-simple monoids can be decomposed

as Zappa-Szep products. Our approach can be immediately applied to

obtain corresponding results for bisimple inverse monoids.

#### Keywords

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